You will need:

• A few hundred yards of any weight yarn for your hat (amount varies depending on weight)
• Waste yarn in the same weight as your main yarn
• DPNs in appropriate size
• 16” circular needle in same size as DPNs
• Locking stitch marker
• Darning needle 

KFB - knit into front and back of same stitch (increase)
St or sts - stitch or stitches
K - knit
DPNs - double pointed needles

Cast on 4 sts with waste yarn on DPN.  Work an inch or so of I-cord.  This is a good tutorial if you don’t know how to do I-cord there are You Tube videos as well.

Next row: increase into each stitch using KFB = 8 sts.
Place 4 of these stitches on a second DPN and switch to main color. Using 3rd DPN knit 4.  With newly freed DPN knit 4 from other DPN.  You have just knit 1 round. Place marker to indicate beginning of round.

Next round: KFB into each stitch on both needles = 16 sts

Next round: knit all stitches on both needles (plain round)

Next round: *KFB, k1* rpt from * = 24 sts (increased by 8 sts)

Next round: knit all stitches on both needles (plain round)

Next round: *KFB, k2* rpt from * = 32 sts (increased by 8 sts)

Next round: knit all stitches on both needles (plain round)

Now you have enough stitches to move them on to 3 DPNs and continue knitting rounds, increasing every other round until you have enough stitches to measure 6.5” - 7”

Arrange stitches as follows: needle 1- 12 sts; needle 2- 8 sts; needle 3- 12 sts.

Next round:

      needle 1- *KFB, k3* rpt to end of needle = 15sts;

      needle 2- *KFB, k3* rpt to end of needle = 10 sts;

      needle 3- *KFB, k3* rpt to end of needle = 15.

40 sts at end of round (increased by 8) Notice that every needle begins with a KFB, this remains constant and is a good way to make sure you are increasing in the right place.

Next round: knit all stitches on all needles (plain round)

Continue to increase every other round adding one more stitch between the increases.  You will notice a pattern made by your increases: little purl bumps that look like spokes in a wheel.  It is very helpful to learn to read your knitting at this point.  If you can see where your increases should be you won’t have to rely on counting which can get confusing.  Typically the stitch into which you increase looks a tad bit bigger and it is the stitch right before the purl bump from the previous increase row.  As soon as you can you may want to switch to your circular needle.  Move your marker up every few rounds to mark the start of the round. When the diameter of your hat measures 6.5” - 7” you will stop increasing and knit plain until you have 6” from the start of your main color.  Knit 1.5 inches in 2x2 ribbing and bind off in pattern.

Now, to complete the top of your hat or the part that Tech Knitter refers to as the belly button-- unravel your waste yarn or cut it out until you have live stitches of your main yarn which you will carefully catch onto the darning needle threaded with the tail of your main hat yarn.  Catch each stitch and draw the stitches to close the opening.  You can close it tightly or leave a bit of a decorative hole.  Don’t wind the yarn through repeatedly or you will get a bump; once through all the stitches, weave your end in and you have a basic hat.

Some variations:

• After completing increases rib all the way to the bottom.

• Any ribbing that is a multiple of 2, 4 or 8 will work.

• Add more ribbing for rim that folds up.

• Add a Fair Isle pattern that is a multiple of 2, 4 or 8 to the body of the hat.

• Jogless stripes